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The Science and Benefits of Cold Water Immersion

The Science and Benefits of Cold Water Immersion

Cold water immersion, also known as cold water therapy, is a practice that involves immersing the body in water with temperatures ranging from 0 to 15 degrees Celsius for a short period of time. Although it can seem like a challenging experience, sports enthusiasts like Kulvir Singh Virk assert that it can provide a number of physical and emotional benefits.

Improved Muscle Healing 

One of cold water immersion’s most widely-known benefits is its ability to improve muscle healing and lessen pain after exercise.  Cold water immersion has been proven to reduce muscle inflammation. By constricting blood vessels there is less blood flow, resulting in less swelling and pain. This can help to improve recovery time and reduce soreness, allowing fitness enthusiasts to train harder and more often.

Improved Mental State and Agility

In addition to having significant effects on physical health, cold water immersion can also be beneficial for mental health. It has been demonstrated that being exposed to cold reduces symptoms of depression and anxiety while enhancing concentration.  This can partly be attributed to the release of endorphins and other mood-enhancing chemical reactions that cold exposure can cause.

Weight Loss 

While cold water immersion can have a number of health benefits, weight loss is not usually one of them. In truth, little scientific evidence supports the idea that submerging yourself in cold water helps you lose weight. Nonetheless, some experts, such as Wim Hof, assert that cold water immersion is able to raise the body’s metabolic rate by 16%.

Cold water immersion may assist in minimising swelling and fluid retention by lowering inflammation, making it easier to reach your weight loss goals. Moreover, by easing muscle aches and exhaustion, cold water immersion may support exercise and physical activity, making it easier to maintain a regular exercise schedule.

Is Cold Water Immersion Safe? 

Exposure to cold water can cause hypothermia, which is a dangerous drop in body temperature than can lead to serious health complications. Additionally, cold water immersion can put stress on the heart and may increase the risk of cardiac arrest in those with pre-existing conditions. It is important to consult with a healthcare professional before trying cold water immersion and to use caution and proper techniques to ensure safety.

Kulvir Singh Virk

The Top 6 Destinations for History Fanatics

The Top 6 Destinations for History Fanatics

History lovers like Kulvir Singh Virk are constantly looking for intriguing and educational travel experiences that will enable them to discover and study the past. The world is full of fascinating historical places that provide a look into the rich cultural legacy of our planet, from ancient ruins to well-known landmarks. Here are a few of the best locations for travellers who enjoy history.

Rome, Italy 

As one of the world’s most iconic and historical cities, Rome is a must-visit destination for any history buff. Visitors can experience the splendour of Ancient Rome and immerse themselves in the city’s rich cultural legacy by visiting historic sites and landmarks, including the Colosseum, the Roman Forum and the Pantheon. 

Machu Picchu, Peru 

Nestled high in the Andes mountains, Machu Picchu is an ancient Incan city that has fascinated travellers for centuries. History fanatics can explore the many temples, palaces and plazas that make up this remarkable site and learn about the Incan culture that once thrived here.

Athens, Greece 

Athens is a must-visit location for every history enthusiast because it is home to some of the world’s most famous historical sites. Visitors can see the origin of Western culture and explore some of the most well-known ancient monuments, including the Acropolis, Ancient Agora and the Temple of Olympian Zeus.

Giza Plateau, Egypt 

For history aficionados, the Giza Plateau is a must-visit location because it is the birthplace of the ancient Egyptian civilisation. The Great Sphinx, the Great Pyramid of Giza and a host of other intriguing sites are all open to visitors to this extraordinary area. 

Kulvir Singh Virk

Petra, Jordan 

Every history enthusiast should visit Petra, a breathtaking UNESCO Heritage Site tucked away in the middle of the Jordanian desert. It forms one of the Seven Wonders of the World, primarily because it is carved out of the mountains and has fascinating architecture. Visitors can explore the many tombs, temples and dwellings that make up this ancient city.

Angkor Wat, Cambodia 

Angkor Wat is the largest religious structure in the world, consisting of more than a thousand buildings. A dynasty of Khmer kings oversaw the city of Angkor, one of the most advanced kingdoms in Southeast Asia’s history – making it a fantastic location for history buffs who seek to discover the splendour of Khmer culture.

Budapest: Exploring the Intersection of Food and Architecture

Budapest: Exploring the Intersection of Food and Architecture

Budapest, a city renowned for its rich historical and cultural significance, is home to a stunning array of architectural wonders that vary in age and style. Its cuisine and architecture have captured the attention of tourists from all over the world, including Kulvir Singh Virk. Budapest’s structures stand as a testament to the city’s enduring legacy, from the famous Chain Bridge that spans the River Danube to the magnificent Parliament Building that dominates the city’s skyline. Beyond their striking exteriors, these landmarks offer a rich environment for culinary research and gastronomic experimentation.


The Stunning Buildings of Hungary’s Capital

The Hungarian Parliament Building, a massive gothic revival-style structure that sits on the banks of the Danube River, is arguably the most famous building in Budapest. The structure, which was opened in 1904, is the third-largest parliament building in the world and a genuine masterpiece of Hungarian design.

St. Stephen’s Basilica, a beautiful neoclassical church that dominates the city’s skyline, is another must-see structure in Budapest. Built over half a century, it contains the mummified right hand of its patron, King St. Stephen.

Art Nouveau 

Another must-see in Budapest is the Museum of Applied Arts, which is one of the most notable examples of art nouveau architecture with its distinguishing green tile roof. Art nouveau architecture in Hungary first emerged in the late 1880s and was heavily influenced by the Hungarian architect Odon Lechner. The art nouveau movement still permeates the city today, characterised by its use of natural motifs and vibrantly coloured ceramics. 

Budapest’s Culinary Scene 

Budapest’s culinary scene is as rich and diverse as its culture and architecture. Hearty stews, flavourful soups and sumptuous meats take centre stage in the city’s traditional meals.

Hungarian cuisine represents a diverse mix of many cultures. Due to the 150-year Ottoman occupation, ideas from traditional Turkish food and the food of other nations in the Austro-Hungarian Empire have all influenced Hungarian cuisine.

Budapest’s traditional national cuisine, which evolved as a result of all these outside influences, may be undergoing yet another significant transformation as inventive chefs rethink and amend age-old recipes. Exploring the intersection of food and architecture in Budapest will leave tourists with a newfound appreciation for the way in which culture, history and cuisine are intertwined.

Kulvir Singh Virk

Traditional Russian Foods You Must Try

Traditional Russian Foods You Must Try

Russian cuisine is a melting pot of various cultural influences. It is best known for its hearty and comforting dishes; from savoury soups to delicious dumplings, there are many traditional Russian foods to try. Some of the most popular and iconic dishes include Pelmeni, Borscht, Blini and Kotleti. Each dish has its own unique flavour and texture, and they are often served with sour cream.

Kulvir Singh Virk is a freelance architect and food aficionado who loves trying local dishes and cuisines that are typical of the country he is currently visiting. 


Pelmeni are small, traditional Russian dumplings that are typically filled with meat, such as ground beef, pork or lamb. The dough is made with flour, water and eggs, rolled thin and cut into circles. The filling is placed in the centre of each dough circle, and the edges are pinched together to seal the dumpling. The dumplings are then boiled and typically served with sour cream. Pelmeni is a very popular and traditional dish in Russia and is also enjoyed in other countries with a significant population of Russian immigrants. 


Borscht is a traditional soup from Russia made with beets as the main ingredient. Borscht is usually made with a variety of vegetables – such as cabbage, potatoes, carrots, onions and sometimes tomatoes – and can be made with either meat or vegetable broth as a base. The beets give the soup its characteristic deep red colour, and it is typically garnished with sour cream and served with pampushka, a special garlic bread. Borscht can be served either hot or cold and is a very popular and comforting dish in Russia. It’s also popular in other Eastern European countries, and variations of the dish can be found in Ukraine, Poland and Lithuania. 


Blini are thin, round pancakes that are a traditional food in Russia. They are often made from wheat or buckwheat flour and are served with various toppings such as sour cream, caviar and smoked salmon. They are typically eaten as part of a festive meal, such as during the Russian Orthodox holiday Maslenitsa (Butter Week) or Shrovetide, which is the period of feasting before the start of Lent. 


Kotleti are Russian patties made from ground meat such as beef or pork. They are typically shaped into small, flattened patties and are pan-fried or baked. Kotleti is often served as a main dish with potatoes or vegetables and podlivka (Russian gravy). They are a popular and traditional dish in Russia, and variations of kotleti can be found in other Eastern European countries like Ukraine and Belarus.

What Is India’s Golden Triangle?

What Is India’s Golden Triangle?

The Indian cities of New Delhi, Jaipur and Agra are referred to as the Golden Triangle. The three cities in northwest India – which have the highest number of visitors in the country – are linked by a road and rail network. The distance between the three cities ranges from 125 to 155 kilometres.

The three cities form an almost equilateral triangle on a map and are home to many tourist attractions. Most tour providers offer itineraries covering all three cities, beginning in New Delhi before heading south to Agra and then west to Jaipur.

India’s interesting past can be seen up close in the country’s architectural masterpieces, many of which are on the UNESCO World Heritage List. The Golden Triangle and its surroundings are home to many must-see sites, ranging from ancient temples to modern design. This mixture of old and new is something that architects such as Kulvir Singh Virk can greatly appreciate.


The architecture in Delhi is amazing. Tourists can visit Humayun’s Tomb, a UNESCO World Heritage Site that is supposed to have inspired the Taj Mahal. This tomb, constructed in 1570, is culturally significant since it was the first garden-tomb on the Indian subcontinent. Humayun’s Tomb in Delhi was the first of the vast dynastic mausoleums that became synonymous with Mughal architecture.

Another must-visit in Delhi is the Qutub Minar, the world’s highest brick minaret and one of India’s most popular landmarks. Its astonishing height of 238 feet is the equivalent of a modern 20-storey high-rise residential skyscraper.


In Agra, visitors should see the famed and magnificent Taj Mahal, which is a mausoleum complex. It is regarded as the best example of Mughal architecture.

Mughal architecture blends Persian, Indian and Islamic styles. The Taj Mahal is one of the world’s most recognisable structures, with millions of people visiting it each year.


In Jaipur, most people visit the Amber Fort. It is perched high on a hill and is one of the main tourist attractions in the Jaipur area. Raja Man Singh I built the Ambert Fort, which is famous for its aesthetic style. It combines Hindu and Rajput features and is made of white and red sandstone. Raja Man Singh I began work on the Amber Fort in 1592.